In these series of articles we focus on verses that are intended to say something about Imam Mahdi who is the Last Savior.
God in surah al-Hajj, verse 41 states, “Those who aid the religion of Allah when We bestow them establishment and power on the earth, they establish prayer, pay alms and enjoin what is right and lawful and forbid what is wrong and forbidden by Allahs laws. And to Allah belongs the final decision about all Issues.” «الَّذِينَ إِن مَّكَّنَّاهُمْ فىِ الْأَرْضِ أَقَامُواْ الصَّلَوةَ وَ ءَاتَوُاْ الزَّكَوةَ وَ أَمَرُواْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَ نَهَوْاْ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَ لِلَّهِ عَقِبَةُ الْأُمُورِ»
It is narrated form Imam Baaqir (the Shiite fifth Imam) who explained this verse,
عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع فِي قَوْلِهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ الَّذِينَ إِنْ مَكَّنَّاهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ أَقامُوا الصَّلاةَ الْآيَةَ قَالَ هَذِهِ لِآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ
الْمَهْدِيِّ وَ أَصْحَابِهِ يُمَلِّكُهُمُ اللَّهُ مَشَارِقَ الْأَرْضِ وَ مَغَارِبَهَا وَ يُظْهِرُ الدِّينَ وَ يُمِيتُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ بِهِ وَ بِأَصْحَابِهِ الْبِدَعَ وَ الْبَاطِلَ كَمَا أَمَاتَ السَّفَهَةُ الْحَقَّ حَتَّى لَا يُرَى أَثَرٌ مِنَ الظُّلْمِ وَ يَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَ يَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَ لِلَّهِ عاقِبَةُ الْأُمُور
”This verse points to Mahdi who is form the household of the Prophet and to his companions. God will help them win the east and the west of the earth. (At that time,) the religion of God will be spread over the world and God, with the assistance of him and his followers, will eliminate falsehood and cut the end of those who have made innovations in religion just as ignorance and falsehood covered the truth before his advent. (At that time,) justice will be so widespread that no sign of oppression will be seen. They will enjoin what is right and lawful and forbid what is wrong and forbidden And to Allah belongs the final decision about all Issues.”
This verse with the mentioned narration contains some considerable points:
1- What the pious will do if they own the leadership:
When Imam Mahdi and his followers take the control of things they will practice four times: They will establish prayer, pay alms and enjoin what is right and lawful and forbid what is wrong and forbidden. It also tells us that to pay attention to these items will prepare the ground for the Imam to come sooner. These if practiced during the time of Occultation it will make the cases easer for the Imam to settle. This is why we believe that these four items are the most important tasks for those who lead a post in an Islamic society.
2- Both physical and spiritual life are important in Imam Mahdi’s government: When Imam Mahdi comes he will both mind the spiritual aspect of life as he will establish prayer and enjoin what is lawful and forbid what is wrong and also the physical life of people as he will establish the ruling of religious payment like Zakaat and Khoms which are a part of people’s extra wealth that should be paid to meet some purposes like to help the poor. It also has some other benefits that is explained in its own place.
 Bihaar al-Anwaar, v. 24, p. 166, hadith 9s.